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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1871-5206
ISSN (Online): 1875-5992

Design, Development and Characterization of Topical Microemulsions of 5-Fluorouracil for the Treatment of Non Melanoma Skin Cancer and its Precursor Lesions.

Author(s): Sudhir Kumar and Vivek Ranjan Sinha

Volume 16 , Issue 2 , 2016

Page: [259 - 268] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1871520615666150907093551

Price: $65


Treatment of non melanoma skin cancer and its precancerous skin lesions is associated with severe topical and systemic toxicity. So, it has become necessary to develop an efficient novel delivery system with less side effects and better patient compliance. Topical w/o microemulsion of 5-FU were prepared using sorbitan monooleate (Span 80), sorbitan trioleate (Span 85), polysorbate 80 (Tween 80), isopropyl alcohol (IPA) with different oils such as oleic acid, triacetin and isopropyl myristate (IPM). Evaluation tests of microemulsions like determination of thermodynamic stability, droplet size, viscosity, pH, conductivity and ex vivo release studies were performed. Spherical shape and Droplet size of microemulsion, which was around 100nm, was supported by Transmission electron microscopy. The lesser flux across skin for all microemulsion batches and higher skin retention of 5-FU loaded in microemulsion in comparison to topical 5-FU marketed cream resulted in better control over the drug release. Skin irritation studies on rats were performed to evaluate chronic toxicity of optimized microemulsion formulation on skin for 21 days and were compared with control group. Formalin (0.8%) was taken as standard irritant. Rat skin was observed for erythema and edema and the formulation was found safe for chronic use (p˃0.01). Histopathology studies showed the epidermal and dermal layers to be normal, showing the 5-FU microemulsion formulation to be safe for topical use. Better control of the drug release through skin can curtail topical and systemic toxicity which is supported by the skin irritation and histopathology studies.

Keywords: Ex vivo studies, non melanoma skin cancer, 5-fluorouracil, topical microemulsions, skin retention.

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