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Current Metabolomics

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 2213-235X
ISSN (Online): 2213-2368

Recent Strategies to Overexpress and Engineer Cellulases for Biomass Degradation

Author(s): Supratim Datta

Volume 4 , Issue 1 , 2016

Page: [14 - 22] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/2213235X03666150702155845

Price: $65

Abstract

Bioenergy is one of the best options towards replacing fossil fuels with renewable, carbon-neutral alternatives. To generate bioenergy at an industrial scale, we must be able to design an optimized cell factory that will convert chemically complex residual biomass or lignocellulose to useful liquid fuels. Microorganisms have evolved a sophisticated enzymatic machinery to degrade these heterogeneous biomass substrates to soluble sugar. These enzyme cocktails are primarily composed of various glycoside hydrolases (GHs) and act synergistically to efficiently cleave the glycosidic linkages in the biomass. Here we review the current strategies to engineer and improve cellulases and the efforts to understand and create microbes with improved catalytic proficiencies.

Keywords: Biomass, cellulase, lignocellulose, metabolic engineering, protein engineering.


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