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Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1568-0266
ISSN (Online): 1873-4294

Adult Hippocampal Neurogenesis, Aging and Neurodegenerative Diseases: Possible Strategies to Prevent Cognitive Impairment

Author(s): Carmen Vivar

Volume 15, Issue 21, 2015

Page: [2175 - 2192] Pages: 18

DOI: 10.2174/1568026615666150610141524

Price: $65

Abstract

The adult brain of humans and other mammals continuously generates new neurons throughout life. However, this neurogenic capacity is limited to two brain areas, the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus and the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle. Although the DG generates new neurons, its neurogenic capacity declines with age and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Huntington’s disease (HD). This review focuses on the role of newly-born neurons in cognitive processes, and discusses some of the strategies proposed in humans and animals to enhance neurogenesis and counteract age-related cognitive deficits, such as physical exercise and intake of natural products like omega-3 fatty acids, curcumin and flavanols.

Keywords: Adult neurogenesis, Aging, Alzheimer’s disease, Curcumin, Exercise, Flavanols, Hippocampus, Huntington’s disease, Omega-3 fatty acids.

Graphical Abstract

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