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Current Drug Delivery

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1567-2018
ISSN (Online): 1875-5704

Improved Oral Bioavailability of Lacidipine Using Nanosuspension Technology: Inferior in vitro Dissolution and Superior in vivo Drug Absorption versus Lacipil®

Author(s): Juanhang Zhao, Lei Luo, Qiang Fu, Bei Guo, Yun Li, Yajie Geng, Junfeng Wang and Tianhong Zhang

Volume 13, Issue 5, 2016

Page: [764 - 773] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1567201812666150511094756

Price: $65

Abstract

Improved dissolution is a better way of increasing the oral absorption of lacidipine (LCDP) because it is a BCS II class drug. The purpose of this study is to improve the oral bioavailability of LCDP by applying nanosuspension technology. LCDP nanosuspensions were prepared by a hybrid method of microprecipitation and high pressure homogenization. The effects of the production parameters (shearing rate and time, the stabilizers and their concentrations, homogenization pressure and number of cycles) were investigated to optimize the preparation process. In vitro characterizations (X-ray powder diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy and dissolution measurement) were carried out and an oral pharmacokinetic study was performed in beagle dogs. LCDP was transformed into an amorphous state during the preparation process, and the mean particle size was about 714.0 ± 12.7 nm. The dissolution rate of LCDP nanosuspensions was faster than that of physical mixtures, but slower than that of Lacipil® (the commercial tablet). Regarding the in vivo pharmacokinetics, the key pharmacokinetic parameters (Cmax and AUC0−∞) of the nanosuspensions were statistically significantly higher than those of both the commercial tablet and physical mixtures. So, this is an efficient drug delivery strategy to facilitate the oral administration of LCDP by using nanosuspension technology, and should be generally applicable to many poorly water-soluble drugs with dissolution rate-limited absorption.

Keywords: Bioavailability, Dissolution, In vitro, In vivo, Lacidipine, Nanosuspension.

Graphical Abstract

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