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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1871-5206
ISSN (Online): 1875-5992

Synthesis of Nitroaromatic Compounds as Potential Anticancer Agents

Author(s): Marcela Silva Lopes, Camila Filizzola de Andrade Sena, Bruno Leonardo Silva, Cristina Maria de Souza, Jonas Pereira Ramos, Geovanni Dantas Cassali, Elaine Maria de Souza-Fagundes, Ricardo Jose Alves, Mônica Cristina de Oliveira and Renata Barbosa de Oliveira

Volume 15, Issue 2, 2015

Page: [206 - 216] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/1871520614666141114201749

Price: $65


Twenty-seven nitrated and non-nitrated compounds have been synthesized and tested for their growth inhibitory activity on three human cancer cells lines. Fourteen compounds were able to inhibit more than 50% of the growth of at least one of the cancer cell lines and five compounds exhibited high antiproliferative activity on human cancer cell lines (IC50 < 8.5 μM). The cytotoxicity of the compounds on Vero cell line was established in vitro to evaluate the selectivity. All active compounds have a good leaving group (bromide or chloride) at the benzylic position, indicating that the mechanism of action of these compounds is related to their alkylating properties. Two compounds (3 and 24) were selected for further studies in mice with Ehrlich solid tumors and display significant antitumor effects in vivo.

Keywords: Antitumor activity, alkylating agents, bioreduction, cytotoxicity, nitrocompounds, solid tumor.

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