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Protein & Peptide Letters


ISSN (Print): 0929-8665
ISSN (Online): 1875-5305

Adaptive Mechanisms of Insect Pests Against Plant Protease Inhibitors and Future Prospects Related to Crop Protection: A Review

Author(s): Maria L.R. Macedo, Caio F. R. de Oliveira, Poliene M. Costa, Elaine C. Castelhano and Marcio C. Silva-Filho

Volume 22 , Issue 2 , 2015

Page: [149 - 163] Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/0929866521666141020111631

Price: $65


The overwhelming demand for food requires the application of technology on field. An important issue that limits the productivity of crops is related to insect attacks. Hence, several studies have evaluated the application of different compounds to reduce the field losses, especially insecticide compounds from plant sources. Among them, plant protease inhibitors (PIs) have been studied in both basic and applied researches, displaying positive results in control of some insects. However, certain species are able to bypass the insecticide effects exerted by PIs. In this review, we disclosed the adaptive mechanisms showed by lepidopteran and coleopteran insects, the most expressive insect orders related to crop predation. The structural aspects involved in adaptation mechanisms are presented as well as the newest alternatives for pest control. The application of biotechnological tools in crop protection will be mandatory in agriculture, and it will be up to researchers to find the best candidates for effective control in long-term.

Keywords: Adaptive responses, Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Insect pest, Plant-insect interaction, Protease inhibitors, Resistant enzymes.

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