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Current Metabolomics

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 2213-235X
ISSN (Online): 2213-2368

Transformation of UPLC-MS Data Overcomes Extreme Variability in Urine Concentration and Metabolite Fold Change

Author(s): Monika Tokmina-Lukaszewska, Navid Movahed, Elizabeth R. Lusczek, Kristine E. Mulier, Greg J. Beilman and Brian Bothner

Volume 2 , Issue 2 , 2014

Page: [78 - 87] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/2213235X0202141127102223

Price: $65

Abstract

Acute blood loss causes changes across multiple levels of physiology, leading to pronounced systemic effects. Clinical observations have shown that restoration of proper hemodynamic parameters and tissue perfusion with nutrients and oxygen, frequently are not enough to prevent progression of patients into irreversible shock and eventually death. Here we report the first application of ultra-performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) to the analysis of urine during hemorrhagic shock. Samples were from a clinically relevant swine model system. A time course study showed a high degree of biological variation between animals and across time, making direct quantitative comparisons of low value. After applying probabilistic quotient normalization and logarithmic transformation, a group of approximately 200 molecular features with significant power to classify subjects was identified. A subsequent test of the method on a second group of animals, demonstrated that the markers were robust at differentiating sham and shock subjects as a group and as individuals, regardless of urine output and concentration. These results have direct relevance to biomarker discovery for shock and the data transformation approach is applicable to a wide range of sample types.

Keywords: Biomarkers, data preprocessing, hemorrhagic shock, mass spectrometry, untargeted metabolomics, urine.

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