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Recent Patents on Biotechnology


ISSN (Print): 1872-2083
ISSN (Online): 2212-4012

From Nature to Market: Examples of Natural Products that Became Drugs

Author(s): Angelo de Fatima, Bruna Silva Terra, Cleiton Moreira da Silva, Daniel Leite da Silva, Debora Pereira Araujo, Leonardo da Silva Neto and Roney Anderson Nascimento de Aquino

Volume 8 , Issue 1 , 2014

Page: [76 - 88] Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/1872208307666131220163108

Price: $65


Nature is an irrefutable source of inspiration for the modern man in many aspects. The observation and understanding of nature have allowed the development of new materials, new sources of energies, new drugs etc. Specifically, natural products provide a great contribution to the development of new agents for the treatment of infections and antitumor agents. However, obtaining natural products directly from animals, fungi, bacteria, plants etc has been considered not enough to attend the high demand by pharmaceutical industries. In this regard, various strategies based on biotechnological processes or synthetic approaches have been developed. In this scenario the total synthesis can be undoubtedly a useful and powerful tool for obtaining higher amounts of natural products and/or structural modifications thereof. Herein, we emphasize successful examples of total synthesis of galanthamine, morphine, paclitaxel and podophyllotoxin - natural products approved as pharmaceuticals.

Keywords: Drugs, galanthamine, morphine, natural products, paclitaxel, podophyllotoxin.

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