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Recent Patents on Nanotechnology


ISSN (Print): 1872-2105
ISSN (Online): 2212-4020

Formulation Techniques for Nanofluids

Author(s): Carlos I. Rivera-Solorio, Luis A. Payán-Rodríguez, Alejandro J. García-Cuéllar, E.D. Ramón-Raygoza, Natalia L.Cadena-de-la-Peña and David Medina-Carreón

Volume 7, Issue 3, 2013

Page: [208 - 215] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/18722105113079990004

open access plus


Fluids with suspended nanoparticles, commonly known as nanofluids, may be formulated to improve the thermal performance of industrial heat transfer systems and applications. Nanofluids may show enhanced thermal and electrical properties such as thermal conductivity, viscosity, heat transfer coefficient, dielectric strength, etc. However, stability problems may arise as nanoparticles usually have the tendency to agglomerate and sediment producing deterioration in the increment of these properties. In this review, we discuss patents that report advances in the formulation of nanofluids including: production methods, selection of components (nanoparticles, base fluid and surfactants), their chemical compositions and morphologies, and characterization techniques. Finally, current and future directions in the development of nanofluid formulation are discussed.

Keywords: Base fluid, heat transfer coefficient, nanofluid, nanoparticle, nanotechnology and agglomeration, one-step method, stability, surfactant, thermal conductivity, two-step method, viscosity.

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