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Current Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

Design of Multifunctional Compounds for Cardiovascular Disease: From Natural Scaffolds to “Classical” Multitarget Approach

Author(s): A. Bisi, S. Gobbi, F. Belluti and A. Rampa

Volume 20 , Issue 13 , 2013

Page: [1759 - 1782] Pages: 24

DOI: 10.2174/0929867311320130012

Price: $65

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease represents the main cause of death worldwide. Novel therapies to reduce elevated blood pressure and treat resistant hypertension, to consequently reduce the associated cardiovascular risk factors, are still required. Among the different strategies commonly used in medicinal chemistry to develop new molecules, the synthesis of multitarget/hybrid compounds combining two or more pharmacophore groups targeting simultaneously selected factors involved in cardiovascular diseases, has gained increasing interest. This review will focus on the most recent literature on multifunctional cardiovascular drugs, paying particular attention on hybrid compounds bearing natural scaffolds, considering that compounds derived from medicinal extracts are generally appealing for the medicinal chemist as they often bear the so-called “privileged structures”. Moreover, taking into account many excellent reviews dealing with multitarget cardiovascular drugs published in the last few years, mainly devoted to RAAS inhibition and/or NO donors hybrid drugs, herein the most significant results obtained and the benefits and limitations of these approaches will be highlighted.

Keywords: ACE, AT receptors, flavonoids, hybrid drugs, hypertension, multitarget drugs, natural scaffolds, nitric oxide releasing drugs, renin-angiotensin system, vasodilators


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