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Current Pediatric Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-3963
ISSN (Online): 1875-6336

Social Determinants of Childhood Obesity: Beyond Individual Choices

Author(s): Esther K. Chung and Martha C. Romney

Volume 8, Issue 3, 2012

Page: [237 - 252] Pages: 16

DOI: 10.2174/157339612802139370

Price: $65

Abstract

Childhood obesity is a major public health problem affecting children worldwide. Early strategies to address this problem have focused largely on diet and exercise, with an emphasis on changing the health behavior of individuals. Increasingly, experts recognize the impact of social factors such as neighborhood characteristics, child care and school settings, access to supermarkets, and social policies on childhood obesity. This article provides an overview of the social determinants of obesity from early childhood through adolescence. Clinicians and policy makers alike need to understand the social context in which children live in order to 1) understand the risk factors for childhood obesity and the potential barriers to acquiring good nutrition and engaging in physical activity, and 2) identify resources and potential solutions, including novel policies and community initiatives, to this growing problem.

Keywords: Childhood obesity, healthy foods, social determinants, physical activity, active transportation


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