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Current Molecular Pharmacology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1874-4672
ISSN (Online): 1874-4702

Healing the Diabetic Heart: Modulation of Cardiometabolic Syndrome through Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptors (PPARs)

Author(s): Tom Hsun-Wei Huang and Basil D. Roufogalis

Volume 5 , Issue 2 , 2012

Page: [241 - 247] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1874467211205020241

Price: $65

Abstract

Cardiometabolic syndrome is a mixture of interrelated risk factors predisposing individuals to elevated risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nuclear receptors, specifically peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), were identified to play a pivotal role in the regulation of metabolic homeostasis. However, with rosiglitazone currently under intense scrutiny great concerns have arisen regarding the safety of the thiazolidinedione PPAR-γ agonist family as a whole. This review discusses the current concern with PPAR-γ agonists by exploring if PPARs can still be considered worth pursuing as a viable target for cardiovascular diseases. We examine current research focusing on identifying ligands that are dual and pan-PPAR agonists, selective PPAR-γ modulators, PPAR-β/δ agonists and that are of natural origin.

Keywords: Cardiometabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, herbal and traditional natural medicines, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ


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