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Current Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

Converting Peptides into Drug Leads by Lipidation

Author(s): L. Zhang and G. Bulaj

Volume 19, Issue 11, 2012

Page: [1602 - 1618] Pages: 17

DOI: 10.2174/092986712799945003

Price: $65

Abstract

Lipidation is a posttranslational modification of proteins that has also found its use in designing peptide drugs. The presence of a lipid group in peptides modulates their hydrophobicity, secondary structures and self-assembling propensities while retaining their abilities to bind to target receptors. Lipidation improves peptides’ metabolic stability, membrane permeability, bioavailability, and changes peptides’ pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. Herein, we review the applications of various lipidation strategies in peptide drug design, the effects of the chain length and anchor position of fatty acids in peptide lipidation, the physicochemical and biological properties of selected lipidated peptides and the synthesis strategies for peptide lipidation.

Keywords: ADME, lipidation, lipidated peptide, lipoamino acids, peptide, peptide SAR, peptide secondary structure, peptide selfassembling, peptide serum stability, peptide synthesis


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