Organic polymer aerogels and carbon aerogels are important nanoporous materials, of which the nanopore structures can be modified by the chemical reactions. These materials have received considerable attention in fundamentals on materials science and commercial applications. This paper discusses with the current patents involving in synthesis and modifications of nanostructures and surfaces of organic polymer aerogels and carbon aerogels. It emphasizes the recent developments in fabrication pathways of lower cost and their applications for template synthesis and nanostructural assembling.
Keywords: Nanostructure, sol-gel process, organic aerogel, carbon aerogel, recent patents, template synthesis