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Protein & Peptide Letters

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 0929-8665
ISSN (Online): 1875-5305

Pseudomonas aeruginosa Cif Defines a Distinct Class of α/β Epoxide Hydrolases Utilizing a His/Tyr Ring-Opening Pair

Author(s): Christopher D. Bahl and Dean R. Madden

Volume 19, Issue 2, 2012

Page: [186 - 193] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/092986612799080392

Price: $65

Abstract

The Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that secretes a multitude of virulence factors during the course of infection. Among these is Cif, an epoxide hydrolase (EH) that reduces the functional localization of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator in epithelial cells. In addition to being the first reported EH virulence factor, Cif possesses unique sequence deviations from canonical EH motifs. Foremost among these is the substitution of a histidine for the first epoxide ring-opening tyrosine in the active site. To test the functional equivalence of Tyr and His side chains at this position, we have generated the mutant Cif-H177Y. Structural analysis confirms that both the WT His and mutant Tyr side chains can be accommodated without large-scale conformational changes. However, the Tyr mutant is functionally inactive. Based on a detailed analysis of the structure of the Tyr mutant, it appears that Cifs main-chain conformation imposes a functional requirement for a His at this position. Comparison with canonical EH structures reveals additional conformational differences, which are coupled to divergent sequence characteristics. When used to probe the genomes of other opportunistic pathogens, these sequence-structure criteria uncover candidate sequences that appear to form a distinct subfamily of Cif-like epoxide hydrolases characterized by a conserved His/Tyr ring-opening pair.

Keywords: α/β hydrolase phylogeny, epoxide hydrolases, dehalogenases, enzyme mechanism, cystic fibrosis, X-ray crystallography, protein structure, site-directed mutagenesis, Gram-negative bacterium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, lattice


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