Generic placeholder image

Current Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

Styryl Lactones and Their Derivatives: Biological Activities, Mechanisms of Action and Potential Leads for Drug Design

Author(s): A. de Fatima, L. V. Modolo, L. S. Conegero, R. A. Pilli, C. V. Ferreira, L. K. Kohn and J. E. de Carvalho

Volume 13 , Issue 28 , 2006

Page: [3371 - 3384] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/092986706779010298

Price: $65

Abstract

Nature is an inexhaustible source of natural compounds with interesting biological activities. Ingeneral, natural products are an important source of new compounds with a variety of structural arrangementsand singular properties. Styryl lactones are a group of secondary metabolites ubiquitous in the genusGoniothalamus that have demonstrated to possess interesting biological properties, in particularantiproliferative activity against cancer cells. In general, the cytotoxicity of styryl lactones appears to bespecific against cancer cells since insignificant effects of these compounds on normal cells are reported. Alarge body of evidence suggests that the antiproliferative activity of styryl lactones is associated with theinduction of apoptosis in target cells. In the first part of this review we discuss the biological activities ofstyryl lactones focusing on cancer cells, the causal agent of Chagas disease and the vectors for yellow feverand human lymphatic filariasis. Structure-activity relationship s are described in detail for ninety styryllactones. The last part describes the molecular targets of styryl lactones for inducing apoptosis, as well asimmunosuppressive and inflammatory processes. Overall, understanding how these compounds exert theiractivities in biological system is essential for future development and application of styryl lactones forhuman health.

Keywords: Natural products, styryl lactones, Goniothalamus spp, biological activities, apoptosis, cancer cells, lead compounds


Rights & Permissions Print Export Cite as
© 2022 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy