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Current Psychiatry Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-4005
ISSN (Online): 1875-6441

Coping Responses in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Avoidance, Treatment, and Lifestyle Factors

Author(s): Michael J. Larson, Scott A. Baldwin, Daniel A. Good and Arjan Berkeljon

Volume 6 , Issue 3 , 2010

Page: [197 - 204] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/157340010791792590

Price: $65

Abstract

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by recurrent, distressing obsessions and repetitive compulsive behaviors or mental rituals frequently performed to reduce the distress associated with the obsessions. This paper reviews maladaptive and adaptive coping responses used by individuals with OCD, including compulsions as an avoidant coping response, psychotherapeutic and pharmacological treatments, social and family support, lifestyle changes, and stress management. Although several gaps in the extant literature on coping with OCD were identified, a considerable body of research supports the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) with exposure and response prevention (E/RP) as an effective therapeutic technique for teaching long-lasting coping skills. Increased research is needed in the role of social support, exercise and dietary changes, and stress management skills on daily functioning in individuals with OCD. Implications and recommendations for future research are discussed.

Keywords: Obsessive-compulsive disorder, OCD, SSRI, CBT, exposure, coping, anxiety


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