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Current Nutrition & Food Science

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-4013
ISSN (Online): 2212-3881

Orange Pulp Increases Antioxidant Status and Improves Bone Quality in Orchidectomized Rats

Author(s): Farzad Deyhim, Ryan Rios, Arnulfo Villarreal, Claudia Garcia, Kristi Garcia, Kranthi Mandadi, Cheri Gonzales, Bahram Faraji and Bhimanagouda S. Patil

Volume 3 , Issue 4 , 2007

Page: [319 - 323] Pages: 5

DOI: 10.2174/1573401310703040319

Price: $65

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of feeding orange pulp on plasma antioxidant status and bone quality in orchidectomized rats. Forty-five one-year-old male rats were randomly placed in a sham-control group and four orchidectomized groups. Orchidectomized rats were assigned to one of the following treatments: orchidectomy (ORX), ORX+2.5% orange pulp (OP); ORX+5.0% OP; ORX+10.0% OP. Four months after the study began, all rats were killed, blood was collected, and the plasma was harvested for antioxidant status and IGF-I. Orchidectomy did not (P > 0.1) affect red blood cell hemolysis percentage, but decreased (P < 0.05) the plasma IGF-I concentration, bone density, femoral strength, time induced femoral fracture, calcium and magnesium concentrations in the femur and the 5th lumbar, and increased (P < 0.05) urinary deoxypyridinoline, calcium and magnesium excretions compared to the sham group. Feeding 2.5% OP tended to increase IGF-I and increased (P < 0.05) bone density, femoral strength, and time induced femoral fracture. Feeding 10% OP profoundly (P < 0.05) improved antioxidant status by protecting red blood cells against hemolysis, increased (P < 0.05) the plasma IGF-I, bone density and bone mineral content, and decreased (P < 0.05) urinary magnesium excretion and urinary deoxypyridinoline concentration. In conclusion, orange pulp significantly affects bone quality by enhancing calcium and magnesium deposition in bones and by slowing-down bone turnover rate.

Keywords: Antioxidants, Oxidative stress, Orange pulp, Bone quality


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