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Current Pharmacogenomics

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1570-1603
ISSN (Online): 1570-1603

Anti-Tuberculosis Drug Induced Hepatotoxicity and Genetic Polymorphisms in Drug-metabolizing Genes

Author(s): Bidyut Roy

Volume 1 , Issue 2 , 2003

Page: [101 - 109] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/1570160033476340

Price: $65

Abstract

Anti-tuberculosis drug induced (ATD) hepatotoxicity is uncommon and unpredictable. It might be related to drug itself or reactive metabolites derived from the drugs in vivo. Several demographic characteristics, such as race, age, sex, body mass index, alcohol intake, have been reported to be susceptibility risk factors for hepatotoxicity related to ATDs. There is now evidence that genetic variations or polymorphisms in biotransformation or detoxification systems controlled by NAT2, GSTM1 etc., might modulate the toxic effects of some drugs. Since prevalences of polymorphisms are different in different ethnic populations, the incidences of ATD hepatotoxicity vary in populations. Thus, knowledge of prevalences of polymorphisms in these genes in a population, prior to medication, may be useful in evaluating the risk and controlling ATD hepatotoxicity.

Keywords: anti-tuberculosis drugs, hepatotoxicity, polymorphism, gstm1, nat2, cyp genes

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