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Current Neuropharmacology



ISSN (Print): 1570-159X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6190

Human Endogenous Retroviruses in Multiple Sclerosis: Potential for Novel Neuro-Pharmacological Research

Author(s): F. P. Ryan

Volume 9 , Issue 2 , 2011

Page: [360 - 369] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/157015911795596568

Price: $65


There is growing evidence that the env genes of two or more human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) of the W family are contributing to the inflammatory processes, and thus to the pathogenesis, of multiple sclerosis (MS). Increasing understanding of the human endogenous retroviral locus, ERVWE1, and the putative multiple sclerosis associated retrovirus, or MSRV, and in particular of the HERV-W env sequences associated with these, offers the potential of new lines of pharmacological research that might assist diagnosis, prognosis and therapy of multiple sclerosis.

Keywords: Multiple Sclerosis, autoimmunity, MS, human endogenous retroviruses, MS-associated retrovirus, MSRV, HERV-W, acute relapsing MS, secondary-progressive MS, human genome, genetic symbiogenesis

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