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Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1386-2073
ISSN (Online): 1875-5402

Identification of Novel Scaffolds for IκB Kinase Beta Inhibitor via a High Throughput Screening TR-FRET Assay

Author(s): Kwang-Seok Oh, Sunghou Lee, Joong Kwon Choi and Byung Ho Lee

Volume 13, Issue 9, 2010

Page: [790 - 797] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/138620710792927367

Price: $65

Abstract

Control of NF-κB release through the inhibition of I & κB kinase β (IKKβ) has been identified as a potential target for the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. To screen the small molecule compound library against IKKβ, a high throughput screening (HTS) campaign was carried out using immobilized metal affinity for phosphochemicals (IMAP)-based time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer (TR-FRET) assay. Through serial optimization of assay conditions, the Z value was achieved at 0.88 from the pilot library screening of the most diverse 7,243 compounds with reconfirmation rate of 63%. The results from this HTS campaign identified three novel scaffolds for the prospective IKKβ inhibitor, such as 7-benzoyl-4-phenylcyclopenta [1,2] oxazine, 1-(thiophen or furan)-2,3- dihydroimidazo[1,5] pyridine and 2-phenyloxazolo [5,4] pyridine. Particularly, 7-benzoyl-4-phenylcyclopenta [1,2] oxazine derivatives presented potent inhibitory activity and selectivity for IKKβ. These findings suggest that the current TR-FRET assay system for IKKβ was successful to identify hits for novel IKKβ inhibitors as a robust, reproducible and sensitive HTS system.

Keywords: IκB kinase β, IKKβ inhibitor, time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer.


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