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Current Pediatric Reviews


ISSN (Print): 1573-3963
ISSN (Online): 1875-6336

Mini-Review Article

Impact of “Long Covid” on Children: Global and Hong Kong perspectives

(E-pub Ahead of Print)
Published on: 28 December, 2022
Author(s): Kam Lun Ellis Hon*, Alexander KC Leung, Karen Ka Yan Leung and Alex H. C. Wong

Background: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic spares no nation or city, and the virus is responsible for the escalating incidence and mortality worldwide.

Objective: This article reviews the impact of “Long Covid” on Children.

Methods: A PubMed search was conducted in December 2021 in Clinical Queries using the key terms "COVID-19" OR “long COVID”. The search was restricted to children and adolescent aged < 18 years and English literature.

Results: Many large-scale studies have provided strong scientific evidence as to the detrimental and irreversible sequelae of COVID-19 on the health, psychology, and development of affected children. Many insights into managing this disease can be obtained from comparing the management of influenza. COVID-19 is generally a mild respiratory disease in children. Several syndromes, such as multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) and COVID toe, are probably not specific to SARS-CoV-2. “Long COVID”, or the long-term effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection, or the prolonged isolation and containment strategies on education and psychosocial influences on children associated with the pandemic, are significant.

Conclusion: Healthcare providers must be aware of the potential effects of quarantine on children's mental health. More importantly, healthcare providers must appreciate the importance of the decisions and actions made by governments, non-governmental organizations, the community, schools, and parents in reducing the possible effects of this situation. Multifaceted age-specific and developmentally appropriate strategies must be adopted by healthcare authorities to lessen the negative impact of quarantine on the psychological well-being of children.

Keywords: COVID-19, coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, long COVID, school, psychosocial

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