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Recent Advances in Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery


ISSN (Print): 2772-2708
ISSN (Online): 2772-2716

Review Article

Natural Approach in Osteoarthritis Therapy

Author(s): Alice Grigore* and Virginia Vulturescu

Volume 16, Issue 1, 2022

Published on: 10 May, 2022

Page: [26 - 31] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/2772270816666220331163707

Price: $65


Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease worldwide, and its rising prevalence is supported by factors such as obesity and sedentariness. At the molecular level, it is considered an inflammatory disease that leads to the destruction of articular cartilage. Effective therapy to end the degenerative process of arthritis remains elusive, and most therapeutic tools prevent the progress or alleviate the symptoms. By now, medicines for OA are available for oral, topical, or intra-articular (IA) therapy and include analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, and hyaluronic acid. Compared with conventional oral administration, IA therapy has multiple advantages in terms of bioavailability, efficacy, and toxicity. This review aims to study the underlying beneficial effects of herbal medicine in OA therapy and to open new research perspectives. Herbal medicine administered orally or topically exhibits pharmacological properties that could be relevant for their beneficial effect in OA, mainly anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. There are few studies regarding IA injections of plant extracts/ compounds and none related to any combination with agents already used in the clinic. Designing natural pharmaceutical formulations with increased bioavailability that are safe, lack side effects, and are specifically tested, would be a plus for research on medicinal plants and a novelty for the clinic.

Keywords: Intra-articular hyaluronic acid, inflammation, antioxidant degeneration, osteoarthritis, joint disease, arthritis.

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