Background: Ectopic pregnancy is the most common cause of death among women during the first trimester of pregnancy despite the progress made with early diagnosis. It occurs at a rate of 1 to 2% that of live births. In Mauritania, EP is a public health issue mostly affecting young women.
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic abilities and the management of EP.
Methods: This study is transverse descriptive and was carried out in the maternity of Nouakchott’s teaching hospital. The aim of this study was to provide data on the epidemiological profile, diagnosis, management and prognosis of ectopic pregnancy. During the period from May 2013 to April 2014, 44 cases of ectopic pregnancies were collected. The collected data were analysed by means of SPSS version 20, Microsoft Excel 2007.
Results: The incidence of EP was 0.99% coefficient to 1 EP per 100 live births. EP management represented 7.3% of emergency surgery. The average patient age was 29.84 ± 5.988 years. The most affected age group was 25-34 year olds (61.4%). Multigravida were more affected with a rate of 80%. Patients with an EP commonly presented with pelvic pain (91% of our patients), late in menstruation (86.3%), and vaginal bleeding (61.3%). Pelvic ultrasound was performed in 41 patients with a coefficient of 93%. The treatment was surgical by performing laparotomy in all of the cases. The surgical treatment was radical in 93.2%, salpingectomy was performed in 86.4% of the cases, while adnexectomy was performed in 6.8% of the cases. Conservative treatment was performed in 3 patients: 2 cases of salpingotomy and 1 case of tubal expression. In most cases, the postoperative evolution was simple.
Conclusion: Until this day, ectopic pregnancy is a severe disease. Despite the progress made in early diagnonsis, in many cases, the treatment is surgical with all its consequences and especially in the developing countries, including Mauritania. Improving the therapeutic management above all improves the diagnostic procedure in a very early period.
Keywords: Ectopic, pregnancy, diagnosis, management, prognosis, mauritania.
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