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Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1871-5303
ISSN (Online): 2212-3873

Research Article

Association Between Insulin Resistance and Cardinal Rheological Parameters in Young Healthy Japanese Individuals During 75g Oral Glucose Tolerance Test

Author(s): Larasati Martha, Takao Kimura*, Akihiro Yoshida, Katsuhiko Tsunekawa, Tomoyuki Aoki, Osamu Araki, Makoto Nara, Takayuki Ogiwara, Hiroyuki Sumino and Masami Murakami

Volume 22, Issue 1, 2022

Published on: 31 December, 2021

Page: [125 - 132] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1871530321666210720124554

Price: $65


Background: Insulin resistance is a well-known predictor and risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Higher hematocrit induced by higher insulin resistance affects blood rheology.

Objective: This study intended to reveal the association between indices of insulin resistance and hemorheological parameters during a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (75-g OGTT).

Methods: A total of 575 healthy young Japanese participants took 75-g OGTT. We then analyzed the association between insulin resistance indices and hematological parameters.

Results: The Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) was significantly correlated with hematocrit (Ht), hemoglobin (Hb), red blood cell (RBC), white blood cell (WBC), platelet count, lipid parameters and body mass index (BMI). The Matsuda index was negatively correlated with RBC count, WBC count, platelet count, total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein- cholesterol (LDL-C), triglyceride (TG), and positively correlated with high-density lipoprotein- cholesterol (HDL-C). The disposition index was negatively correlated with Hb, RBC count, LDL-C and BMI, and positively correlated with HDL-C. The Homeostasis Model Assessment of beta cell (HOMA-β) was positively correlated with WBC count, platelet count, TC, LDL-C and TG. The insulinogenic index was positively correlated with WBC count, platelet count and TC. Multiple regression analysis revealed that HOMA-IR was independently associated with TG, and the Matsuda index was independently associated with TG, WBC count, and platelet count. The insulinogenic index was independently associated with WBC count.

Conclusion: Cardinal rheological parameters reflected insulin resistance and release even in young healthy Japanese individuals within the physiological range of glycemic control.

Keywords: OGTT, Insulin secretion, insulin resistance, RBC count, WBC count, platelet count, blood rheology.

Graphical Abstract
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