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Current Neuropharmacology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1570-159X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6190

General Review Article

Autophagy & Phagocytosis in Neurological Disorders and their Possible Cross-talk

Author(s): Gaigai Li, Prativa Sherchan, Zhouping Tang* and Jiping Tang*

Volume 19 , Issue 11 , 2021

Published on: 07 April, 2021

Page: [1912 - 1924] Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/1570159X19666210407150632

Price: $65

Abstract

Autophagy and phagocytosis are two important endogenous lysosomal dependent clearing systems in the organism. In some neurological disorders, excessive autophagy or dysfunctional phagocytosis has been shown to contribute to brain injury. Recent studies have revealed that there are underlying interactions between these two processes. However, different studies show inconsistent results for the contribution of autophagy to the phagocytic process in diverse phagocytes and relatively little is known about the link between them especially in the brain. It is critical to understand the role that autophagy plays in phagocytic process in order to promote the clearance of endogenous and exogenous detrimental materials. In this review, we highlight the studies focusing on phagocytosis and autophagy occurring in the brain and summarizing the possible regulatory roles of autophagy in the process of phagocytosis. Balancing the roles of autophagy and phagocytosis may be a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of some neurological diseases in the future.

Keywords: Phagocytosis, autophagy, cross-talk, interactions, brain, LC3 associated phagocytosis, microglia.

Graphical Abstract

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