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Current Diabetes Reviews


ISSN (Print): 1573-3998
ISSN (Online): 1875-6417

Research Article

GST T1, M1, and IRS-1 G972R Genetic Variants Association to Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in Egyptian Women: Linkage to Maternal Hyperglycemia

Author(s): Naglaa Fathy Barseem*, Essam Khattab, Ragab Dawood and Sally Mohamed

Volume 18, Issue 2, 2022

Published on: 19 February, 2021

Article ID: e021921191604 Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1573399817666210219124628

Price: $65


Background: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) shares in part the pathogenic mechanisms of multiple genetic interactions. Some of the T2D susceptibility genes are encountered in association with GDM.

Objective: We aimed to investigate GST T1, M1, and G972R IRS-I gene polymorphisms with the risk of developing GDM.

Methods: In this randomized case-control study, pregnant women with GDM were genotyped by PCR analysis for glutathione s-transferase-T1, M1 variant polymorphisms. RFLP was done for the G972R IRS 1 gene. Their newborns were additionally assayed for the whole of the clinical, laboratory, and genetic aspects.

Results: The T allele IRS-1rs1801278 TT genotype was more frequently detected in GDM mothers in comparison to healthy control ones [for TT homozygous variant; OR(CI 95%): 2.05(1.09-3.87, p: 0.025)]. Furthermore, GST T1 null was significantly presented in GDM mothers than those of control mothers [OR (CI95%: 0.29 (0.084-1.02), p:0.04]. Added to the significant correlation of glycemic indices to clinical parameters of infants born to GDM, the M1-null genotype of GST was significantly correlated (p<0.05) to abnormal values of respiratory rates and 1 minute-APGAR score noted for extra NICU care.

Conclusion: Our results suggested that GST T1null and IRS-1 TT genotypic variants were claimed for GDM development among Egyptian women with a possible impact on their newly born infants.

Keywords: Gestational diabetes mellitus, maternal hyperglycemia, neonate, GST T, M1, IRS-1.

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