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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1871-5206
ISSN (Online): 1875-5992

Research Article

Comparative Analysis of the Rabbit Endothelial Progenitor Cells from Bone Marrow and Peripheral Blood Treated with Selenium Nanoparticles

Author(s): Sara Shoeibi *

Volume 21 , Issue 6 , 2021

Published on: 18 September, 2020

Page: [803 - 808] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/1871520620666200918112552

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Selenium Nanoparticles (Se-NPs) are known for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, which are effective in preventing oxidative damage and improving physiological processes.

Objectives: This study aimed at investigating the effects of biosynthesized Se-NPs on bone marrow-derived Endothelial Progenitor Cells (bone marrow-derived EPCs) and blood-derived endothelial progenitor cells (blood-derived EPCs) isolated from rabbits in vitro.

Methods: The cultured EPCs incubated with biosynthesized Se-NPs at the concentrations of 0.19, 0.38, 0.76, 1.71, 3.42, 7.03, 14.25, 28.50, 57, 114, and 228μg/ml for 48h. After screening the proliferative potential of the Se-NPs by the MTT assay, the best concentrations were selected for Real-Time quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR). Real-time quantification of Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 (VCAM-1), lectin-like oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-1 (LOX-1), endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase (eNOS), and Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 (MCP-1) gene expressions were analyzed by normalizing with Glyceraldehyde- 3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (GAPDH) as an endogenous reference gene.

Results: Blood-derived EPCs and bone marrow-derived EPCs showed morphological differences before treatment in vitro. Se-NPs treated EPCs indicated a significant dose-dependent proliferative activity (p<0.01). In general, the expression levels of VCAM-1, LOX-1, and MCP-1 mRNA were significantly decreased (p<0.01), whereas that of the eNOS expression was significantly increased at the concentrations of 7.3 and 14.25μg/ml (p<0.01). Although the expressions of MCP-1, LOX-1, and eNOS mRNA were decreased at certain concentrations of Se-NPs (p<0.01 and p<0.05, respectively) in the treated bone marrow-derived EPCs, no significant differences were observed in the VCAM-1 mRNA expression levels in bone marrow-derived EPCs compared with the control group (p>0.05).

Conclusion: This was the first report to demonstrate the effects of Se-NPs on proliferative, anti-oxidative, and anti-inflammatory activities for bone marrow-derived EPCs and blood-derived EPCs. Our findings suggested that Se-NPs could be considered as an effective agent that may ameliorate vascular problems.

Keywords: Se-NPs, EPCs, proliferation, inflammation, anti-oxidative, eNOS.

Graphical Abstract
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