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Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1871-5257
ISSN (Online): 1875-6182

Research Article

Cardioprotective Role of Theobroma cacao against Isoproterenol-Induced Acute Myocardial Injury

Author(s): Justin Atiang Beshel*, Favour Nyoh Beshel, Justina Nwandimma Nwangwa, Idara Asuquo Okon, Clement Ikani Ejim and Daniel Udofia Owu

Volume 20, Issue 1, 2022

Published on: 17 September, 2020

Page: [75 - 80] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/1871525718999200917114954

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Antioxidants are beneficial in myocardial infarction (MI). It is suggestive that Theobroma cacao (TC) with rich antioxidant properties can be of health benefits in myocardial injury.

Aim: The study investigated the effect of Theobroma cacao on cardioprotection in isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats.

Material and methods: Male Wistar rats divided into four groups of 6 rats were used for the study. In group 1, 0.9% normal saline placebo was administered via oral gavage to the control. Group 2 was the MI induced group that was given 100 mg/kg body weight isoproterenol subcutaneously twice at an interval of 24 hours. Group 3 was administered TC for 2 weeks at 100 mg/kg bodyweight via the oral route. Group 4 was pretreated with TC (100 mg/kg) via oral route for 2 weeks, immediately followed by the administration of 100 mg/kg body weight isoproterenol subcutaneously twice at an interval of 24 hours. The rats were sacrificed using chloroform anesthesia, and blood samples collected via cardiac puncture. The serum was analyzed for troponin level, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and malondialdehyde (MDA) level.

Results: The serum troponin, LDH, and MDA levels were found to be significantly (p<0.01) increased in the MI group compared with the control. Pretreatment with TC before MI induction significantly (p<0.01) prevented increased serum troponin, LDH, and MDA levels when compared with the MI group. There was also a significant (p<0.01) decrease in MDA in the TC group compared with the control.

Conclusion: These results suggest that Theobroma cacao protects against isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury, possibly by preventing oxidative stress and consequent lipid peroxidation.

Keywords: Acute myocardial infarction, isoproterenol, troponins, lactate dehydrogenase, malondialdehyde, Theobroma cacao, antioxidants.

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