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Current Analytical Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1573-4110
ISSN (Online): 1875-6727

Review Article

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Drug Sensing Platforms Using State-of-the- Art Electroanalytical Techniques

Author(s): S. Irem Kaya, Ahmet Cetinkaya and Sibel A. Ozkan*

Volume 18, Issue 1, 2022

Published on: 01 August, 2020

Page: [79 - 101] Pages: 23

DOI: 10.2174/1573411016999200802024629

Price: $65


Background: Currently, nanotechnology and nanomaterials are considered as the most popular and outstanding research subjects in scientific fields ranging from environmental studies to drug analysis. Carbon nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes, graphene, carbon nanofibers etc. and non-carbon nanomaterials such as quantum dots, metal nanoparticles, nanorods etc. are widely used in electrochemical drug analysis for sensor development. The main aim of the drug analysis with sensors, is fast development, ease to use and sensitivity. Electroanalytical techniques such as voltammetry, potentiometry, amperometry etc. which measure electrical parameters such as current or potential in an electrochemical cell, are considered economical, highly sensitive and versatile techniques.

Methods: Most recent researches and studies about electrochemical analysis of drugs with carbonbased nanomaterials were analyzed. Books and review articles about this topic were reviewed

Results: The most significant carbon-based nanomaterials and electroanalytical techniques were explained in detail. In addition to this; recent applications of electrochemical techniques with carbon nanomaterials in drug analysis were expressed comprehensively. Recent researches about electrochemical applications of carbon-based nanomaterials in drug sensing were given in a table.

Conclusion: Nanotechnology provides opportunities to create functional materials, devices and systems using nanomaterials with advantageous features such as high surface area, improved electrode kinetics and higher catalytic activity. Electrochemistry is widely used in drug analysis for pharmaceutical and medical purposes. Carbon nanomaterials based electrochemical sensors are one of the most preferred methods for drug analysis with high sensitivity, low cost and rapid detection.

Keywords: Carbon nanomaterials, drug analysis, electrochemistry, graphene, nanosensors, voltammetry.

Graphical Abstract
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