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Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1871-5303
ISSN (Online): 2212-3873

Review Article

A Review on the Role of Nanosensors in Detecting Cellular miRNA Expression in Colorectal Cancer

Author(s): Koyeli Girigoswami and Agnishwar Girigoswami*

Volume 21, Issue 1, 2021

Published on: 15 May, 2020

Page: [12 - 26] Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/1871530320666200515115723

Price: $65


Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of death across the globe. Early diagnosis with high sensitivity can prevent CRC progression, thereby reducing the condition of metastasis.

Objective: The purpose of this review is (i) to discuss miRNA based biomarkers responsible for CRC, (ii) to brief on the different methods used for the detection of miRNA in CRC, (iii) to discuss different nanobiosensors so far found for the accurate detection of miRNAs in CRC using spectrophotometric detection, piezoelectric detection.

Methods: The keywords for the review like micro RNA detection in inflammation, colorectal cancer, nanotechnology, were searched in PubMed and the relevant papers on the topics of miRNA related to CRC, nanotechnology-based biosensors for miRNA detection were then sorted and used appropriately for writing the review.

Results: The review comprises a general introduction explaining the current scenario of CRC, the biomarkers used for the detection of different cancers, especially CRC and the importance of nanotechnology and a general scheme of a biosensor. The further subsections discuss the mechanism of CRC progression, the role of miRNA in CRC progression and different nanotechnology-based biosensors so far investigated for miRNA detection in other diseases, cancer and CRC. A scheme depicting miRNA detection using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) is also illustrated.

Conclusion: This review may give insight into the different nanostructures, like AuNPs, quantum dots, silver nanoparticles, MoS2derived nanoparticles, etc., based approaches for miRNA detection using biosensors.

Keywords: microRNA detection in inflammation, gold nanoparticles, colorectal cancer, biosensors, nanotechnology, nanosensors.

Graphical Abstract
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