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Current Pharmaceutical Design

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

General Review Article

Anti-angiogenesis Potential of Phytochemicals for the Therapeutic Management of Tumors

Author(s): Samman Munir, Asad A. Shah, Muhammad Shahid, Muhammad S. Ahmed, Aqsa Shahid, Muhammad S.R. Rajoka, Muhammad S.H. Akash, Muhammad Akram and Mohsin Khurshid*

Volume 26 , Issue 2 , 2020

Page: [265 - 278] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/1381612826666191230142638

Price: $65

Abstract

The role of angiogeneses during the growth and progression of tumors is well documented. Likewise, a balance is generally maintained between the cellular proliferation and the apoptosis, therefore, the tumors can persist for years in a dormant phase. During the past few years, many hypotheses have been proposed relating to the importance of tumor angiogenesis for the development and spread of tumors and preventive or therapeutic capacity of angiogenesis inhibitors as a potential target for controlling the growth of cancerous tissue. The antiangiogenic based therapeutic approaches are considered as the most promising method for the control of tumors, as this therapeutic approach is less likely to attain the drug resistance. Further, the tumor vasculature is an important prognostic marker that can independently predict the pathological stages as well as the metastatic potential of tumors. Various biologically active phytochemicals have been extracted from the dietary sources and the plants that have engaged the scientist and pharmaceutical industries around the globe. The antioxidant, antiinflammatory, anti-proliferative and anti-angiogenic potential of these bioactive phytochemicals is evident from the in vitro studies using cell lines and investigations involving the animal models. The present review is focused on the promising role of anti-angiogenesis-based therapies for the management of tumors and the recent developments relating to the interplay of phytochemicals and angiogenesis for the suppression of tumor cells.

Keywords: Angiogenesis, metastasis, phytochemicals, VEGF, apoptosis, therapeutics.

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