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Current Pharmaceutical Design


ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Review Article

Advances in the Detection, Mechanism and Therapy of Chronic Kidney Disease

Author(s): Yu Dong, Xiaosheng Qu*, Gang Wu, Xiangdong Luo, Botao Tang, Fangfang Wu, Lanlan Fan, Sooranna Dev* and Taisheng Liang*

Volume 25 , Issue 40 , 2019

Page: [4235 - 4250] Pages: 16

DOI: 10.2174/1381612825666191119094354

Price: $65


Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is characterized by the gradual loss of renal mass and functions. It has become a global health problem, with hundreds of millions of people being affected. Both its incidence and prevalence are increasing over time. More than $20,000 are spent on each patient per year. The economic burden on the patients, as well as the society, is heavy and their life quality worsen over time. However, there are still limited effective therapeutic strategies for CKD. Patients mainly rely on dialysis and renal transplantation, which cannot prevent all the complications of CKD. Great efforts are needed in understanding the nature of CKD progression as well as developing effective therapeutic methods, including pharmacological agents. This paper reviews three aspects in the research of CKD that may show great interests to those who devote to bioanalysis, biomedicine and drug development, including important endogenous biomarkers quantification, mechanisms underlying CKD progression and current status of CKD therapy.

Keywords: Chronic kidney disease, biosensors, progression mechanism, dietary modification, gut microbiota intervention, pharmacological agents.

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