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Current Pharmaceutical Design


ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Review Article

Metal/Metal Oxide Nanoparticles: Toxicity, Applications, and Future Prospects

Author(s): Ratiram G. Chaudhary*, Ganesh S. Bhusari, Ashish D. Tiple, Alok R. Rai, Subhash R. Somkuvar, Ajay K. Potbhare, Trimurti L. Lambat, Prashant P. Ingle and Ahmed A. Abdala*

Volume 25 , Issue 37 , 2019

Page: [4013 - 4029] Pages: 17

DOI: 10.2174/1381612825666191111091326

Price: $65


The ever-growing resistance of pathogens to antibiotics and crop disease due to pest has triggered severe health concerns in recent years. Consequently, there is a need of powerful and protective materials for the eradication of diseases. Metal/metal oxide nanoparticles (M/MO NPs) are powerful agents due to their therapeutic effects in microbial infections. In this context, the present review article discusses the toxicity, fate, effects and applications of M/MO NPs. This review starts with an introduction, followed by toxicity aspects, antibacterial and testing methods and mechanism. In addition, discussion on the impact of different M/MO NPs and their characteristics such as size, shape, particle dissolution on their induced toxicity on food and plants, as well as applications in pesticides. Finally, prospective on current and future issues are presented.

Keywords: Metal oxide nanoparticles, toxicity, microbial assay, callus poisoning, pest control, plant biotechnology.

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