Background: microRNAs are small non-coding RNAs which inhibit translational and post-transcriptional processes whereas long non-coding RNAs are found to regulate both transcriptional and post-transcriptional gene expression. Medicago truncatula is a well-known model plant for studying legume biology and is also used as a forage crop. In spite of its importance in nitrogen fixation and soil fertility improvement, little information is available about Medicago non-coding RNAs that play important role in symbiosis.
Objective: In this study we have tried to understand the role of Medicago ncRNAs in symbiosis and regulation of transcription factors.
Methods: We have identified novel miRNAs by computational methods considering various parameters like length, MFEI, AU content, SSR signatures and tried to establish an interaction model with their targets obtained through psRNATarget server.
Results: 149 novel miRNAs are predicted along with their 770 target proteins. We have also shown that 51 of these novel miRNAs are targeting 282 lncRNAs.
Conclusion: In this study role of Medicago miRNAs in the regulation of various transcription factors are elucidated. Knowledge gained from this study will have a positive impact on the nitrogen fixing ability of this important model plant, which in turn will improve the soil fertility.
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