Background: Presently, rise in the infectious diseases and subsequent development of drug resistance, is a global threat to human health. However, much efforts are being made by scientists, to develop novel antimicrobials, and also to improve the efficacy of available drugs, in order to combat the lifethreatening infections.
Objective: Synthesis and characterization of azole functional polymer systems for antimicrobial applications.
Materials and Methods: Poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA), was produced by free radical polymerization of the monomer, glycidyl methacrylate (GMA). Different azole functional PGMAs were produced, through chemical modification with imidazole (Im), 1H-1,2,4-triazole (Tri) and 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole (ATri), to get PGMA-Imi, PGMA-Tri and PGMA-ATri, respectively. The structure was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), thermal properties were investigated by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), and surface morphology was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Newly synthesized derivatives were further explored, for their antibacterial and anticandidal activities.
Results: All the three synthesized and characterized derivatives, displayed a significant activity against the tested microorganisms. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal/fungicidal concentration (MBC/MFC), recorded against Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), was 0.5 &1mg/ml for PGMA-Imi, followed by PGMA-ATri & PGMA-Tri, respectively, followed by E. coli with, 1 & 2 mg/ml, 4 & 8 mg/ml, 4& 8 mg/ml, respectively, whereas the maximum MIC & MFC was recorded against C. albicans i.e., 8 & 16 mg/ml, 4 & 8 mg/ml ,4 & 8 mg/ml for PGMA-ATri, PGMA-Tri, PGMA-Imi, respectively.
Conclusion: In the present work, we report on the state-of-the-art, azole functional polymer systems for antimicrobial applications. These findings suggest that the synthesized azole functional polymer films have antimicrobial properties, which could be potential candidates for coating applications in the biomedical and wastewater treatment field.
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