Discovery and Mechanism of Natural Products as Modulators of Histone Acetylation

Author(s): Lilibeth A. Salvador, Hendrik Luesch.

Journal Name: Current Drug Targets

Volume 13 , Issue 8 , 2012

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Abstract:

Small molecules that modulate histone acetylation by targeting key enzymes mediating this posttranslational modification – histone acetyltransferases and histone deacetylases – are validated chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of cancer. This area of research has seen a rapid increase in interest in the past decade, with the structurally diverse natural products-derived compounds at its forefront. These secondary metabolites from various biological sources target this epigenetic modification through distinct mechanisms of enzyme regulation by utilizing a diverse array of pharmacophores. We review the discovery of these compounds and discuss their modes of inhibition together with their downstream biological effects.

Keywords: Histone acetylation, histone deacetylases, histone acetyltransferases, natural products, secondary metabolites, Natural Products, chemotherapeutic agents, epigenetic modification, enzyme regulation, DNA

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Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 8
Year: 2012
Page: [1029 - 1047]
Pages: 19
DOI: 10.2174/138945012802008973
Price: $58

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