Acylhydrazide Schiff bases 1-27 were evaluated for their in vitro DPPH radical and superoxide anion scavenging activity. They showed a varying degree of DPPH radical scavenging activity with IC50 values between 31.25 - 473.59 µM. Compounds 8, 2, and 10 have IC50 values 31.25 ± 1.32, 34.40 ± 0.66, and 37.24 ± 0.4 µM, respectively. Standard npropylgallate showed an IC50 value 30.12 ± 0.27 µM. Acylhydrazides 1-27 exhibited in vitro superoxide anion scavenging activities with IC50 values in the range of 175.6 - 450.89 µM. Results demonstrated that acylhyrazides 8, 2, and 10 have DPPH scavenging activity, comparable to standard n-propyl gallate while acylhyrazides 1-27 were found to be less superoxide anion scavenging active than the standard n-propyl gallate (IC50 = 106.34 ± 1.6 µM).
Keywords: Acylhyrazide Schiff bases, DPPH scavenger, superoxide anion scavenger, antioxidant, chemotherapeutic agents, antifungal, antiproliferative properties, anticonvulsant, analgesic
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