Hypertension is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease and fatal or non-fatal cardiac and
cerebrovascular complications. Kidney and retina are also target organs of blood pressure rise. Progressive changes in the
definition of hypertension have occurred in the years and blood pressure 130/85 mm Hg is considered as normal.
Ischaemic heart disease, particularly myocardial infarction, often unrecognized, as well as stroke and transient ischaemic
attack may be observed more frequently than other disorders in hypertensive patients.
Conducted large-scale trials do not support the hypothesis that effective benefits are reached by current nonpharmacological
or pharmacological prevention although some different opinions exist.
Lowering blood pressure is, however, the main target to reach for reducing cardiovascular complications in hypertensive
patients, in anyway that can be obtained. So doing, the ratio cost-benefit could be improved with a reduction of the costs
supported by public health for hypertensive individuals.