Advances in Multiphase Flow and Heat Transfer

Volume: 4

Indexed in: Scopus, Chemical Abstracts, EBSCO, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory

Multiphase flow and heat transfer have found a wide range of applications in several engineering and science fields such as mechanical engineering, chemical and petrochemical engineering, nuclear ...
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Void Fraction and Flow Patterns of Two-Phase Flow in Upward and Downward Vertical and Horizontal Pipes

Pp. 175-201 (27)

Afshin J. Ghajar and Clement C. Tang


A comparison of the performance of 54 void fraction correlations based on unbiased experimental data set of 3385 data points. A comprehensive literature search was undertaken for the available void fraction correlations and experimental void fraction data for upward and downward vertical and horizontal two-phase flows. The performance of the correlations in correctly predicting the diverse data set was evaluated. Comparisons between the correlations were made and appropriate recommendations were drawn. The analysis showed that most of the correlations developed are very restricted in terms of handling a wide variety of data sets. Based on this analysis void fraction correlations with the best predictive capability are highlighted.


Two-phase flow, void fraction, flow pattern, flow visualization, vertical and horizontal pipes.


School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, 74078, USA