Sodium Dependent Multivitamin Transporter (SMVT): A Potential Target for Drug Delivery

Author(s): Aswani Dutt Vadlapudi, Ramya Krishna Vadlapatla, Ashim K. Mitra.

Journal Name: Current Drug Targets

Volume 13 , Issue 7 , 2012

Abstract:

Sodium dependent multivitamin transporter (SMVT; product of the SLC5A6 gene) is an important transmembrane protein responsible for translocation of vitamins and other essential cofactors such as biotin, pantothenic acid and lipoic acid. Hydropathy plot (Kyte-Dolittle algorithm) revealed that human SMVT protein consists of 635 amino acids and 12 transmembrane domains with both amino and carboxyl termini oriented towards the cytoplasm. SMVT is expressed in various tissues such as placenta, intestine, brain, liver, lung, kidney, cornea, retina and heart. This transporter displays broad substrate specificity and excellent capacity for utilization in drug delivery. Drug absorption is often limited by the presence of physiological (epithelial tight junctions), biochemical (efflux transporters and enzymatic degradation) and chemical (size, lipophilicity, molecular weight, charge etc.) barriers. These barriers may cause many potential therapeutics to be dropped from the preliminary screening portfolio and subsequent entry into the market. Transporter targeted delivery has become a powerful approach to deliver drugs to target tissues because of the ability of the transporter to translocate the drug to intracellular organelles at a higher rate. This review highlights studies employing SMVT transporter as a target for drug delivery to improve bioavailability and investigate the feasibility of developing SMVT targeted drug delivery systems.

Keywords: SMVT, substrate specificity, tissue distribution, transporter targeted drug delivery, Hydropathy plot , barriers, drug delivery, physicochemical properties, Localization, drug permeation

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Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2012
Page: [994 - 1003]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/138945012800675650
Price: $58

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