Manual of Child Neurology: Problem Based Approach to Common Disorders

Indexed in: Scopus, EBSCO.

Since the last century, remarkable advances at both the basic and clinical levels have considerably improved our ability to evaluate and treat children with neurological disorders. Many cases seen by ...
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Muscle Weakness

Pp. 87-89 (3)

Mohammed M. S. Jan

Abstract

Weakness is a common presentation of a wide variety of central and peripheral nervous system disorders. Weakness can be due to an organic CNS lesion or due to pseudoparalysis secondary to pain. Weakness due to brain lesion usually takes the distribution according to the site and extent of the lesion (e.g. hemiplegia, diplegia, quadriplegia). Weakness due to peripheral nervous system lesion can be predominantly distal (neuropathic) or proximal (myopathic). The approach to a child presenting with acute or chronic weakness is presented in this chapter.

Keywords:

Muscle, Weakness, Hypotonia, Paralysis, Myasthenia, EMG, Myopathy, Neuropathy, Dystrophy, Muscle biopsy, Physiotherapy.

Affiliation:

Professor & Consultant of Pediatric Neurology Department of Pediatrics Faculty of Medicine King Abdulaziz University Jeddah Kingdom of Saudi Arabia