Manual of Child Neurology: Problem Based Approach to Common Disorders

Indexed in: Scopus, EBSCO.

Since the last century, remarkable advances at both the basic and clinical levels have considerably improved our ability to evaluate and treat children with neurological disorders. Many cases seen by ...
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Meningitis & Encephalitis

Pp. 78-82 (5)

Mohammed M. S. Jan

Abstract

Infections of the meninges (meningitis) and the brain (encephalitis) needs to be identified and managed promptly in order to prevent associated morbidity and mortality. Symptoms and signs of raised intracranial pressure are frequently the initial features of meningitis caused by bacterial or viral infections. Encephalitis is more frequently caused by viral infections with features that include seizures, personality change, decreased consciousness, and focal neurological manifestations. As the infection progress, mixed features are frequently encountered (meningoencephalitis). In this chapter, an updated overview of meningitis and encephalitis in infants and children is presented.

Keywords:

Meningitis, Encephalitis, Viral, Bacterial, Tuberculosis, Fungal, Seizures, Encephalopathy, Lumber puncture, Antibiotics.

Affiliation:

Professor & Consultant of Pediatric Neurology Department of Pediatrics Faculty of Medicine King Abdulaziz University Jeddah Kingdom of Saudi Arabia