Deregulation of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) has been associated with many cancer types and has evoked an interest in
chemical inhibitors with possible therapeutic benefit. While most known inhibitors display broad selectivity towards multiple CDKs,
recent work highlights CDK9 as the critical target responsible for the anticancer activity of clinically evaluated drugs. In this review, we
discuss recent findings provided by structural biologists that may allow further development of highly specific inhibitors of CDK9
towards applications in cancer therapy. We also highlight the role of CDK9 in inflammatory processes and diseases.
Keywords: Cancer, inflammation, kinase, P-TEFb, inhibitor, therapeutics, angiogenesis, cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), anticancer activity, chromosome condensation
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