Bacterial vaginosis (BV) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) infections are both very common and are associated
with increased risk of sexual transmission of HIV. There are several mechanisms by which BV and TV could affect
susceptibility including inducing pro-inflammatory cytokines and disrupting mucosal barrier function. This review
highlights recent advances in our understanding of how these genital conditions lead to an increased risk of HIV infection
Keywords: Bacterial vaginosis, HIV, Inflammation, Trichomonas vaginalis.
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