Galantamine-based Hybrid Molecules with Acetylcholinesterase, Butyrylcholinesterase and γ-Secretase Inhibition Activities

Author(s): L. Vezenkov, J. Sevalle, D. Danalev, T. Ivanov, A. Bakalova, M. Georgieva, F. Checler.

Journal Name: Current Alzheimer Research

Volume 9 , Issue 5 , 2012

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Abstract:

We previously designed novel peptides-containing galantamine analogues. These compounds we analyzed for their putative inhibitory effect towards acetylcholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase and γ-secretase, three activities of which could be central to various neurodegenerative pathologies including Alzheimer's disease. These pharmacological agents were virtually equipotent on acetylcholinesterase activity but display drastically higher inhibitory activities towards butyrylcholinesterase with several compounds displaying an about 100-fold higher activity than that harboured by galantamine. Strikingly, two of the galantamine amides that displayed low activity towards acetylcholinesterase exhibited the highest inhibitory potency towards butyrylcholinesterase (106 to 133 times more active than galantamine). Interestingly, five compounds show a rather good γ-secretase inhibitory potency while they retain their ability to inhibit AChE and/or BuChE activity. Thus, we have been able to design novel compounds with significant inhibitory activity against several of the enzymes responsible for key dysfunctions taking place in several neurodegenerative diseases. These mixed inhibitors could therefore be envisioned as potential pharmacological tools aimed at circumventing the degenerative processes taking place in these major pathologies.

Keywords: Peptides, galantamine, alzheimer’s disease, N-(3, 4-dichlorophenyl)-D, L-Ala-OH, acetylcholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase, γ-secretase, inhibitors.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2012
Page: [600 - 605]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/156720512800618044
Price: $58

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