Current Biotechnology

Pabulo Henrique Rampelotto  
Center of Biotechnology and PPGBCM
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
Porto Alegre, RS
Brazil

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Endophytic Fungal Assemblages in Calophyllum and Garcinia spp. of Clusiaceae Family in Western Ghats, India

Author(s): Karmakar Ruma, Sekhar Shailasree, Kumara K.K. Sampath, Siddapura Ramachandrappa Niranjana, Harischandra Sripathy Prakash.

Abstract:

A total of 596 fungal endophytes were isolated from ~2000 bark and twig samples of five medicinal plants from Clusiaceae family of Western Ghats, India, during three seasons viz., rainy, winter and summer. The isolated endophytes belonged to different fungal classes which were Ascomycetes (0.6%), Coelomycetes (19.3%), Hyphomycetes (52.1%), Zygomycetes (1.3%) and Sterile mycelia (0.7%). The most frequently recovered endophytes were Pestalotiopsis sp., Trichoderma sp., Myrothecium sp., Acremonium sp., Fusarium oxysporum and Aspergillus niger. A few other species recovered were Aspergillus spp., Ascochyta sp., Botrytis cinera, Botryodiplodea theobromae, Chaetomium sp., Cladosporium sp., Colletotrichum spp., Fusarium spp., Morteirella sp., Nigrospora oryzae, Penicillium sp., Paecilomyces sp., Phyllosticta sp. and Verticillium sp. Endophytes recovery was significantly more during the rainy season than winter and summer seasons.

Keywords: Clusiaceae, diversity, endophytic fungi, seasons, Western Ghats.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 1
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2012
Page: [109 - 114]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/2211550111201020109
Price: $58