Pp. 22-120 (99)
Sergey P. Suprun and Anatoly P. Suprun
The problem of observer and system of reference in physics is considered as well as an
object-object and an object-subject approach to a physical description of reality. The evolutionarily
formed methods underlying data processing of the first signal system and the algorithms for assemblage
of sensations into object concepts and representation of reality in a space-time continuum are discussed.
The methods for constructing a mental space as a tool for sign-based description of reality during
information exchange are considered. The problems in understanding the quantum phenomena as the
reality not subject to an object-based description are briefed, and the need in a system and integral
concept as a concept adequate to reality is substantiated. The principles underlying the operation of a
quantum computer, its distinctions from a classical computer, and the difficulties in presentation of the
issues in question using an object-based language are discussed.
Semiotic limitations, mental map, linguistic modeling, object-based, objective, subject-based,
subjective, Subject in physics, observer in physics, wave function reduction, experimental bases of
quantum mechanics, probability amplitude, rules to deal with probability amplitudes, object-based
modeling of reality, metric of mental space, definition of qubit, entangled pairs, Von Neumann projectors,
collapse of wave function, psychological and physical times, determinism and evolution, consciousness and
reality, criterion of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Reality, Bell inequalities, mechanistic process and
development, evolution and problem of choice, representation of phenomenon in space- time and Hilbert
space, space-time and spectral windows, physical reality and selection system, qubit quantum gates,
quantum algorithms, dense coding, teleportation, quantum computer block-scheme.
Laboratory of Heterostructure Physics and Technology, Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia