WISP1 (CCN4) Autoregulates its Expression and Nuclear Trafficking of β-Catenin during Oxidant Stress with Limited Effects upon Neuronal Autophagy

Author(s): Shaohui Wang, Zhao Zhong Chong, Yan Chen Shang, Kenneth Maiese.

Journal Name: Current Neurovascular Research

Volume 9 , Issue 2 , 2012

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Abstract:

Wnt1 inducible signaling pathway protein 1 (WISP1/CCN4) is a CCN family member more broadly identified with development and tumorigenesis. However, recent studies have shed new light and enthusiasm on WISP1 as a novel target directed against toxic cell degeneration. Here we show WISP1 prevents apoptotic degeneration in primary neurons during oxidant stress through the activation of protein kinase B (Akt1), the post-translational maintenance of β-catenin integrity that is consistent with inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β), and the subcellular trafficking of β- catenin to foster its translocation to the nucleus. Interestingly, WISP1 autoregulates its expression through the promotion of β-catenin activity and may employ β-catenin to have a limited control over autophagy, but neuronal injury during oxidant stress as a result of autophagy appears portioned to a small population of neurons without significant impact upon overall cell survival. New strategies that target WISP1, its autoregulation, and the pathways responsible for neuronal cell injury may bring forth new insight for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders.

Keywords: Akt1, apoptosis, autophagy, β-catenin, Beclin 1, CCN4, glycogen synthase kinase-3β, LC3, neurons, oxidative stress, p62, WISP, Wnt1, CCN family, apoptotic degeneration, neurodegenerative, thrombospondin, fracture repair, inhibitory phosphorylation, B-catenin, Calbiochem, Hyperfilm, Cell Signaling Technology

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2012
Page: [91 - 101]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/156720212800410858
Price: $58

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