Osteoblast and Osteoclast Crosstalks: From OAF to Ephrin

Author(s): Roberto Tamma , Alberta Zallone .

Journal Name: Inflammation & Allergy - Drug Targets (Discontinued)

Volume 11 , Issue 3 , 2012

Abstract:

The maintenance of bone homeostasis is tightly controlled, and largely dependent upon cellular communication between osteoclasts and osteoblasts, and the coupling of bone resorption to bone formation. This tight coupling is essential for the correct function and maintenance of the skeletal system, repairing microscopic skeletal damage and replacing aged bone. Cells in osteoclast and osteoblast lineages communicate with each other through diffusible paracrine factors, cell-cell contact, and cell-bone matrix interaction. Osteoclast-osteoblast communication occurs in a basic multicellular unit (BMU) at the initiation, transition and termination phases of bone remodeling. At the initiation phase, hematopoietic precursors are recruited to the BMU. These precursors differentiate into osteoclasts following interactions with osteoblasts, which express and/or secrete ligands as RANK-L and OPG. Subsequently, the transition from bone resorption to formation is mediated by osteoclast-derived ‘coupling factors’, which direct the differentiation and activation of osteoblasts in resorbed lacunae to refill it with new bone. Signals derived from molecules released from the resorbed bone matrix, as TGF-beta and bidirectional signaling generated by interaction between ephrinB2 on osteoclasts and EphB4 on osteoblast precursors facilitates the transition. At the termination phase, bone remodeling is completed by osteoblastic bone formation and mineralization of bone matrix. The research steps that brought to the present knowledge are summarized in this review.

Keywords: Coupling factors, ephrin, osteoblast, osteoclast

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2012
Page: [196 - 200]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/187152812800392670

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